Modern knowledge is entrenched in universalism and as academic world is getting more globalised, location-specific knowledge is deemed limited and less worthy. This however makes knowledge a tool for colonisation, as many territories and cultures as swept over with universalising knowledge and methods. To combat these hegemonic forces, and enable subaltern perspectives, methods labelled with this keyword cherish location-based, in situ processes and knowledge. They stimulate and support learners to understand the context of their own existence and background of information and knowledge they possess.

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